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PostWysłany: Czw 0:47, 15 Cze 2017 Back to top

?Essay Crafting Guide for Psychology Students
Before you compose your essay it's important to analyse the task and understand exactly what the essay question is asking. It is quite possible your lecturer will give you some advice - shell out attention to this as it will help you plan your answer.
Next conduct preliminary reading based upon your lecture notes. At this stage it's not crucial to have a robust understanding of key theories or studies, but you should at least have a general 'gist' within the literature.
After reading, plan a response to the task. This plan could be on the kind of the mind map, a summary table, or by composing a core statement (which encompass the entire argument of your essay in just a handful of sentences).
After producing your plan conduct supplementary reading and refine your plan and enable it to be a little more detailed.
It is tempting to skip these preliminary steps and just publish the for starters draft whereas reading in the same time. However, reading and planning will make the essay producing system easier, quicker, and ensure a higher excellent essay is produced.
Now let us look and feel at what constitutes a sensible essay in psychology. There are numerous important benefits.
A Worldwide Structure - structure the material in a very way that enables for a rational sequence of ideas. Every single paragraph / statement should follow sensibly from its predecessor. The essay should 'flow'. The introduction, main body and summary should all be linked.
Each individual paragraph should comprise a main theme which are illustrated and developed through several points (supported by evidence).
Knowledge and Understanding - recognise, recall and reveal understanding on the variety of scientific material that accurately reflects the main theoretical perspectives.
Critical Evaluation - arguments should be supported by applicable evidence and/or theory from the literature. Evidence of independent thinking, insight and evaluation with the evidence.
Excellent of Written Communication - composing clearly and succinctly with suitable use of paragraphs, spelling and grammar. All resources referenced accurately and in line with APA guidelines.
From the main body of your essay every paragraph should demonstrate both equally knowledge and critical evaluation.
There should also be an ideal balance relating to these two essay parts. Try to aim for about a 60/40 split if likely. Most students make the mistake of composing too a lot of knowledge and not enough evaluation (which is the difficult bit).
It is most reliable to structure your essay according to key themes. Themes are illustrated and developed through several points (supported by evidence). Choose relevant points only, ones that most reveal the theme or help to make a convincing and interesting argument.
Knowledge and Understanding
Remember that an essay is simply a discussion / argument on paper. Don't make the mistake of crafting all the tips you know regarding a particular topic.
You will need to be concise, and clearly articulate your argument. A sentence should contain no unnecessary words, a paragraph no unnecessary sentences.
Each and every paragraph should have a purpose / theme, and make many points - which really want to be assistance by significant high-quality evidence. Be clear why every single point is is relevant to the argument. It would be useful on the beginning of each and every paragraph if you happen to explicitly outlined the theme being discussed (.e.g. cognitive growth, social advancement etc.).
Try not to overuse quotations in your own essays. It is a whole lot more best suited to utilise original content to demonstrate your understanding.
Psychology is a really science so you must guidance your ideas with evidence (not your have personal opinion). At any time you are discussing a theory or research study make sure you cite the source in the guidance.
Note this isn't really the author of the textbook you have look at - but the original source / author(s) for the theory or research study.
Bowlby (1951) claimed that mothering is almost useless if delayed until after two in addition to a 50 % to three years and, for most children, if delayed till after 12 months, i.e. there exists a critical period.
Maslow (1943) stated that people are motivated to obtain certain needs. When a single want is fulfilled a person seeks to fullfil the next just one, and so on.
As a general rule make sure there may be at least 1 citation (i.e. name of psychologist and date of publication) in each and every paragraph.
Remember to answer the essay question. Underline the key words with the essay title. Don't make the mistake of simply creating everything you know of the particular topic, be selective. Just about every paragraph on your essay should contribute to answering the essay question.
Critical Evaluation
In uncomplicated terms this usually means outlining the strengths and limitations of the theory or research study.
There are the majority of ways it is possible to critically evaluate:
Methodological evaluation of research -
Is the study valid / reliable. Is the sample biased or can we generalize the findings to other populations? What are the strengths and limitations with the method second hand and facts obtained?
Be careful to ensure that any methodological criticisms are justified and not trite. Rather than hunting for weaknesses in every study; only highlight limitations which make you doubt the conclusions that the authors have drawn - e.g. where an alternative explanation may very well be equally very likely considering that something hasn’t been adequately controlled.
Compare or contrast different theories -
Outline how the theories are similar and how they differ. This could be two (or a bit more) theories of personality / memory / child advancement etc. Also try to communicate the value with the theory / study.
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